Environmental Benefits of eVTOLs:
Operated by electric propulsion systems fueled by batteries, electric vertical take-off and landing (eVTOLs) aircraft stand as a beacon of sustainability, emitting zero carbon emissions during their operation. In stark contrast to conventional aircraft reliant on fossil fuels, this emission reduction holds tremendous promise to address the aviation sector’s ecological footprint. Industry experts have established that eVTOLs hold the potential to slash greenhouse gas emissions by up to 60% as compared to traditional helicopters (Taneja, 2022). Moreover, a study by the Canadian Advanced Air Mobility (CAAM) recommends the renovation of underutilized or unused heliports especially those with close proximity to hospitals since unlike helicopters, eVTOLs are not known for noise nuisance (Herman et al., 2020).
Economic Advantages of eVTOLs:
Beyond their environmental virtues, eVTOLs also present a compelling economic case. The integration and proliferation of eVTOL technology can usher employment opportunities across diverse sectors such as manufacturing, operations, and maintenance. Moreover, eVTOLs could revolutionize urban mobility by bypassing road congestion and delivering an efficient, flexible mode of transportation. The outlook is bright, with a Morgan Stanley study projecting that the global eVTOL market will reach an astounding $1.5 trillion by 2040, underlining the substantial economic potential of these electric aircraft (Bridgelal et al., 2023). This growth trajectory may pave the way for approximately 100,000 job opportunities within the United States alone.
The canvas of the eVTOL industry is vast, with projections hinting at substantial market potential in various global regions. By 2030, the eVTOL industry in the Bay Area alone could amass a valuation of $10 billion, while the entirety of California could witness a staggering $20 billion valuation (Schadlow et al., 2021). Parallel forecasts indicate that the US market could be valued at approximately $50 billion. The eVTOL industry’s global value is poised to reach a significant $100 billion by 2030, underscoring the burgeoning demand for this pioneering mode of transportation (Wiedemann et al., 2023).
Comparative Analysis of Aviation Methods:
Drawing parallels between established aviation methodologies and eVTOLs unveils distinct advantages and disadvantages. Traditional aviation, forged over time, boasts reliability and cost-effectiveness (Biehle, 2022). However, its conspicuous downside lies in emissions perpetuating climate change and noise pollution impacting local communities. In contrast, eVTOLs shine as environmentally benign alternatives, emitting zero emissions and operating with minimal noise disruption.
Biehle, T. (2022). Social sustainable urban air mobility in Europe. Sustainability, 14(15), 9312. https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/14/15/9312
Bridgelall, R., Askarzadeh, T., & Tolliver, D. D. (2023). Introducing an efficiency index to evaluate eVTOL designs. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 191, 122539. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S004016252300224X
Herman et al. (2020). Economic Impact of Advanced Air Mobility. AAM White Paper Series Part II. http://www.pnwer.org/uploads/2/3/2/9/23295822/economic_impact_assesment_-_caam_-_v1.0.pdf
Schadlow, N., Herman, A., & Helwig, B. (2021). Powering Innovations: A Strategic Approach to America’s Advanced Battery Technology. Hudson Institute. http://media.hudson.org.s3.amazonaws.com/Hamilton%20Commission_Powering%20Innovation.pdf
Taneja, N. K. (2022). Airimagination: extending the airline business boundaries. Taylor & Francis. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=5VF-EAAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PT12&dq=eVTOLs+could+potentially+curtail+greenhouse+gas+emissions+by+up+to+90%25+in+comparison+to+helicopters&ots=UYNQsSX4W2&sig=tF59XLKAe8f3snjBqrkD5Rs_mYo
Wiedemann, M., Vij, A., & Banerjee, R. (2023). Validating the benefits of increased drone uptake for Australia: geographic, demographic and social insights. https://apo.org.au/sites/default/files/resource-files/2023-04/apo-nid322458.pdf